European Journal of Human Genetics (vol. 24, no. S1, 2016) is available online by subscription only.
- “Finding All BRCA Pathogenic Mutation Carriers: Best Practice Models” by Nicoline Hoogerbrugge and Marjolijn CJ Jongmans
JAMA (vol. 316, no. 7, 2016) is available online by subscription only.
“Vital Directions for Health and Health Care: An Initiative of the National Academy of Medicine” by Victor J. Dzau, Mark McClellan, and J. Michael McGinnis
- “Disclosure of Medical Error” by Wendy Levinson, Jensen Yeung, and Shiphra Ginsburg
HEC Forum (vol. 28, no. 3, 2016) is available online by subscription only.
- “Informing Consent for Organ Donation” by Ryan R. Nash and Courtney E. Thiele
- “Campaigning for Organ Donation at Mosques” by Mohamed Y. Rady and Joseph L. Verheijde
- “Novel Paths to Relevance: How Clinical Ethics Committees Promote Ethical Reflection” by Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen, and Reidun Førde
- “What Ethical Issues Really Arise in Practice at an Academic Medical Center? A Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Clinical Ethics Consultations from 2008 to 2013” by Katherine Wasson, Emily Anderson, Erika Hagstrom, Michael McCarthy, Kayhan Parsi and Mark Kuczewski
- “Medical Error and Moral Luck” by Dieneke Hubbeling
- “Barriers to Effective Deliberation in Clinical Research Oversight” by Danielle M. Wenner
- “Discussing End-of-Life Decisions in a Clinical Ethics Committee: An Interview Study of Norwegian Doctors’ Experience” by Marianne K. Bahus & Reidun Førde
(Medical News Today) – Emergency room crowding is a common and complex problem for hospitals all over the world, and anything that can be done to improve patient flow without compromising care is a great help. Now, a new study shows how carefully written nurse-initiated protocols can dramatically reduce time in the emergency room for certain targeted patients. Implementing procedures where nurses start the diagnosis or treatment before patients are treated by a physician or nurse practitioner have been suggested as a possible way to improve the flow of patients in the emergency room (ER).
(TIME) – Health authorities are recommending that all donated blood for the United States and its territories be tested for the Zika virus. Previously, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had recommended that blood be tested for Zika in areas where there is active spread of the virus among mosquitoes. Now, all states are asked to test their donated blood for the virus, according to an announcement by the FDA Friday morning.
(Quartz) – Note that the size of the European set (6421 individuals) is about 800% that of Asians, which is more than a little weird, since people of European descent only make up about 10-20% of the world population, whereas Asians make up some 40%. When I pointed this out to Mountain, she agreed it was a problem. “Absolutely. The truth is, this actually is from a couple of data sets frozen two to three years ago,” she said. “Our database has grown since then.”
(The Conversation) – Eradication is no small feat. In order for a disease to be declared “eradicated,” there must be a permanent reduction to zero of cases worldwide as a result of deliberate control efforts. Eradication differs from elimination, which refers to absence of a disease in a certain geographic area. For example, polio has been eliminated in the U.S., but it has not been eradicated worldwide.
(Reuters) – The head of an alternative cancer treatment center in Germany is under investigation after three patients died there in suspicious circumstances, German prosecutors said on Friday. The non-medical practitioner, identified as Klaus R., is suspected of manslaughter in three cases and negligent injury in the case of two more patients who remain in serious condition, said Axel Stahl, senior prosecutor in the Krefeld prosecutor’s office.
(The Economist) – Medical infertility is part of the problem, not just in rich countries, where couples put off having children until it is rather late, but also in poor countries, where health care is worse. By one global estimate, at least 48m couples have been trying for a child for the past five years but have not succeeded, up from 42m in 1990. But the main reason for the shortfall, according to our poll, is money. From Brooklyn to Beijing, the cost of housing and education is so high that many young people say they cannot afford as many children as they want.
(The Australian) – Australian researchers have achieved a breakthrough in worldwide efforts to improve the success of IVF during the first cycle, potentially saving millions of dollars while reducing the emotional toll on women. The research at the University of Adelaide has been successfully trialled using a hi-tech digital imaging technique usually reserved for detecting cancer cells and mathematical modelling. By showing differences in the viability of embryos, otherwise not seen by the human eye under a microscope, the best can be chosen for implantation to significantly boost pregnancy success from the first cycle.
(Reuters) – Mylan NV said on Thursday it would reduce the out-of-pocket costs of its emergency EpiPen allergy injection for some patients amid a wave of criticism from lawmakers and the public over the product’s rapidly escalating price. The list price of the drug will remain the same, but the company said it would increase the maximum copay assistance program to $300 from $100 for patients who pay for the 2-pak in cash or who are covered by a commercial health insurer.
(Associated Press) – The whirling hum of a dialysis machine could have been the soundtrack to the rest of Zahra Hajikarimi’s life but for an unusual program in Iran that allows people to buy a kidney from a living donor. Iran’s kidney program stands apart from other organ donation systems around the world by openly allowing payments, typically of several thousand dollars. It has helped effectively eliminate the country’s kidney transplant waiting list since 1999, the government says, in contrast to Western nations like the United States, where tens of thousands hope for an organ and thousands die waiting each year.