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A New Edition of Social Science & Medicine Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 09:00

Social Science & Medicine (vol. 176, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Trade Liberalization and Social Determinants of Health: A State of the Literature Review” by Courtney McNamara
  • “Assessment of Acculturation in Minority Health Research” by Molly Fox, Zaneta Thayer, and Pathik D. Wadhwa
  • “Hour-Glass Ceilings: Work-Hour Thresholds, Gendered Health Inequities” by Huong Dinh, Lyndall Strazdins, and Jennifer Welsh
  • “The Productive Techniques and Constitutive Effects of ‘Evidence-Based Policy’ and ‘Consumer Participation’ Discourses in Health Policy Processes” by K. Lancaster et al.
  • ““Too Much Medicine”: Insights and Explanations from Economic Theory and Research” by Martin Hensher, John Tisdell, and Craig Zimitat
  • “Community-Based Participatory Research in a Heavily Researched Inner City Neighbourhood: Perspectives of People Who Use Drugs on Their Experiences as Peer Researchers” by Will Damon et al.
  • “Income, Financial Barriers to Health Care and Public Health Expenditure: A Multilevel Analysis of 28 Countries” by Tae Jun Kim et al.
  • “Socioeconomic Disparities in Adolescent Substance Use: Role of Enjoyable Alternative Substance-Free Activities” by Nafeesa Andrabi, Rubin Khoddam, and Adam M. Leventhal

 

A New Edition of HEC Forum Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 09:00

HEC Forum (vol. 29, no. 1, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Virtue in Medical Practice: An Exploratory Study” by Ben Kotzee, Agnieszka Ignatowicz, and Hywel Thomas
  • “Does Moral Case Deliberation Help Professionals in Care for the Homeless in Dealing with Their Dilemmas? A Mixed-Methods Responsive Study” by R. P. Spijkerboer
  • “The Ethics of Vaccination Nudges in Pediatric Practice” by Mark C. Navin
  • “The Role of Ethics in Reducing and Improving the Quality of Coercion in Mental Health Care” by Reidun Norvoll, Marit Helene Hem, and  Reidar Pedersen
  • “Pediatric Ethics and Communication Excellence (PEACE) Rounds: Decreasing Moral Distress and Patient Length of Stay in the PICU” by Lucia Wocial et al.

 

A New Edition of The New England Journal of Medicine Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 09:00

The New England Journal of Medicine (vol. 376, no. 7, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Addressing the Fentanyl Threat to Public Health” by R.G. Frank and H.A. Pollack
  • “New Vaccines against Epidemic Infectious Diseases” by J.-A. Røttingen et al.
  • “The Common Rule, Updated” by J. Menikoff, J. Kaneshiro, and I. Pritchard

 

New Articles for International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction Are Now Available

Bioethics News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 09:00

International Journal of Computer-Human Interaction (Latest Articles) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Exploring Patients’ Use Intention of Personal Health Record Systems: Implications for Design” by A. Ant Ozok, Huijuan Wu, and  Ayse P. Gurses
  • “Nurses’ Perceptions of a Novel Health Information Technology: A Qualitative Study in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit” by Onur Asan et al.

 

Bariatric surgery for teenagers?

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 03:20
It's the only thing that seems to work for some patients Read more...

Terrorism and triage

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 03:11
Should wounded terrorists be treated according to the conventions of medical triage? Read more...

Trump under fire from scientists

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 03:02
But some fire back in support of the new President Read more...

Peter Singer interviewed about, well, everything

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 02:42
Excerpts from a great interview in the Journal of Practical Ethics Read more...

The gene-editing debate just got more complicated

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 00:17
Elite US universities are fighting over a patent for CRISPR-Cas9 technology. Read more...

Australian surrogacy booms after SEA crackdown

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 00:13
Surrogacy in Australia is experiencing a quiet boom. Read more...

Anorexic and bulimic woman dies after court orders end to force-feeding

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 02/25/2017 - 00:09
A 30-year-old anorexic and bulimic woman has died after a court denied a request that she be force-fed. Read more...

How World War I Revolutionized Medicine

Bioethics News - Fri, 02/24/2017 - 11:18

(The Atlantic) – Medicine, in World War I, made major advances in several directions. The war is better known as the first mass killing of the 20th century—with an estimated 10 million military deaths alone—but for the injured, doctors learned enough to vastly improve a soldier’s chances of survival. They went from amputation as the only solution, to being able to transport soldiers to hospital, to disinfect their wounds and to operate on them to repair the damage wrought by artillery. Ambulances, antiseptic, and anesthesia, three elements of medicine taken entirely for granted today, emerged from the depths of suffering in the First World War.

Millions at Risk from African Famine Worsened by Boko Haram: U.N.

Bioethics News - Fri, 02/24/2017 - 11:15

(Reuters) – Aid agencies must get food to close to 3 million people by July to avert a famine in Africa’s Lake Chad region caused by drought, chronic poverty and Islamist insurgents Boko Haram, the United Nations said on Friday as it launched a funding appeal. International donors at a conference in Oslo pledged $672 million for the next three years in new money, $457 million of which was for 2017, Norway’s foreign minister said.

Deadly U.S. Heroin Overdoses Quadrupled in Five Years

Bioethics News - Fri, 02/24/2017 - 11:09

(Scientific American) – The number of deadly heroin overdoses in the United States more than quadrupled from 2010 to 2015, a federal agency said on Friday, as the price of the drug dropped and its potency increased. There were 12,989 overdose deaths involving heroin in 2015, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, compared with 3,036 such fatalities five years earlier. In 2010, heroin was involved in 8 percent of U.S. drug overdose deaths, a study by the Atlanta-based center said. By 2015, that proportion had jumped to 25 percent.

Girl, Eight, with Rare Brain Disorder in Pioneering UCL Stem Cell Research

Bioethics News - Fri, 02/24/2017 - 10:32

(MSN) – A girl of eight whose rare brain disorder is likely to lead to her death when she is in her teens is taking part in pioneering stem cell research in a bid to save others with same condition. Lily Harriss’s skin cells will first be turned into stem cells and then into brain cells by researchers at University College London as they seek treatments or a cure. About 100 to 200 cases of BPAN — beta-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration — are known worldwide, although this is believed to be an underestimate.

In a Lab Pushing the Boundaries of Biology, an Embedded Ethicist Keeps Scientists in Check

Bioethics News - Fri, 02/24/2017 - 10:19

(STAT News) – Jeantine Lunshof insists she is not the “ethics police.” It says so on the door to her closet-sized office at Harvard. She doesn’t find reasons to reflexively shut down experiments. She doesn’t snoop around for deviations from ethical guidelines. But when scientists discuss their research in the twice-weekly lab meetings she attends, “I will say, hmm, that raises some good questions,” Lunshof said. There is no shortage of “good questions” for Lunshof, who for the last three years has been embedded in the synthetic biology lab of George Church, the visionary whose projects include trying to resurrect the wooly mammoth and to “write” a human genome from scratch.

Dutch ‘Abortion Ship’ Due in Guatemala

Bioethics News - Fri, 02/24/2017 - 10:08

(Medical Xpress) – A Dutch “abortion ship” was Thursday due to arrive in a Guatemalan port to provide free help to women to end unwanted pregnancies, aiming to circumvent the country’s strict laws. Abortion is only allowed in Guatemala in cases where the mother’s life is in danger, the non-profit organisation Women on Waves said, adding there are some 65,000 illegal and unsafe abortions in the Central American country every year. The ship will visit the harbour of the Puerto San Jose, about 100 kilometres (60 miles) south of Guatemala City and will stay for five days, the organisation said in a statement.

Transhumanists, Biohackers, Grinders: Who Are They And Can They Live Forever?

Bioethics News - Fri, 02/24/2017 - 10:02

(Australia Broadcasting Co) – Can transhumanists, biohackers and grinders live forever? The answer is maybe soon — at least according to them. Ok. So what’s a transhumanist? Like some scientists, they believe that ageing is a disease, and they are not afraid of taking human evolution into their own hands by harnessing genetic engineering, nanotechnology and artificial intelligence. Sydney-based IT innovation manager and self-described transhumanist Peter Xing says Australians aged in their 20s and 30s could now end up living long enough to live forever.

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