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Give Women More Time to Give Birth, Make Choices: WHO

Bioethics News - Thu, 02/15/2018 - 14:32

(Reuters) – Women in labor should be given more time to give birth and have fewer medical interventions, while participating more in decision-making, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday. Among 26 new recommendations, it rejected a traditional benchmark in labor wards worldwide for the dilation of a woman’s cervix at the rate of 1 centimeter per hour, saying it was “unrealistic” and often led to excessive caesarean sections.

The ACLU Has Filed a Constitutional Challenge to Ohio’s Law Prohibiting Doctors from Performing Abortions Based on a Diagnosis of Down Syndrome

Bioethics News - Thu, 02/15/2018 - 14:21

(Associated Press) – The American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio filed a lawsuit Thursday challenging an Ohio law prohibiting doctors from performing abortions based on a diagnosis of Down syndrome, saying claims it is an anti-discrimination effort are a masquerade. The suit against the state Health Department, state medical board and county prosecutors charged with carrying out the 2017 law was filed in federal court in Cincinnati on behalf of Preterm in Cleveland, Planned Parenthood and other Ohio abortion providers.

El Salvador Baby Death: Teodora Vasquez Freed after 9 Years

Bioethics News - Thu, 02/15/2018 - 14:14

(BBC) – A woman jailed for murder under El Salvador’s strict abortion laws has had her 30-year sentence commuted. Teodora Vásquez, 35, spent 10 years in jail after her baby was found dead and she was sentenced for murder. Her release came as a surprise as her appeal against her sentence was rejected in December. El Salvador’s Supreme Court said there were “powerful reasons of justice and fairness which warranted granting her the grace of commuting her sentence”.

The Dubious Science of Genetics-Based Dating

Bioethics News - Thu, 02/15/2018 - 14:08

(Smithsonian Magazine) -But what if there was a way to analyze your DNA and match you to your ideal genetic partner—allowing you to cut the line of endless left-swipes and awkward first dates? That’s the promise of Pheramor, a Houston-based startup founded by three scientists that aims to disrupt dating by using your biology. The app, which launches later this month, gives users a simple DNA test in order to match them to genetically compatible mates.

Biohacker Fights for ‘Cyborg Rights’ after Implanted Travel Card Cancelled

Bioethics News - Thu, 02/15/2018 - 13:33

(The Guardian) – A body-hacking scientist has said he plans to launch legal action against the New South Wales government after it cancelled a travel card he had surgically implanted in his hand. Meow-Ludo Disco Gamma Meow-Meow – his legal name – cut out the chip of the card, had it encased in biocompatible plastic, then had a piercing expert implant it just under the skin on his left hand.

Syria War: First Aid Delivery in Months Reaches Eastern Ghouta

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:49

(BBC) – The rebel-held Syrian region of the Eastern Ghouta has received its first aid delivery in almost three months. It comes after weeks of appeals from the United Nations to allow aid deliveries and the evacuation of hundreds of critically ill people. About 400,000 people live in the besieged enclave, east of Damascus, under frequent artillery bombardment. Hundreds have been killed in recent weeks after government forces stepped up attempts to seize the area.

A Surge in Infants Born in the U.S. with Withdrawal Symptoms from Their Mothers’ Opioid Use Has Outpaced Science on How Best to Treat Them

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:47

(Associated Press) – Once the umbilical cord is cut, babies born to opioid users are at risk for developing withdrawal symptoms. By some estimates, one infant is born with the condition in the U.S. every 25 minutes. The numbers have tripled since 2008 at a rate that has solid medical research comparing treatments and outcomes struggling to keep pace.

Doping Is Rampant at the Olympics. Here’s Why.

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:37

(Vox) – There’s a common misconception that athletes dope to move faster or become stronger. “Sure, there’s some of that,” said Herman Pontzer, an associate professor at Hunter College who studies energetics. “But what athletes really go for, and what they usually get banned for, are drugs that fool their bodies to keep them from shutting down in the face of over-training.” After a certain amount of exertion, our brains send our tired arms and legs signals that cause them to exert less or switch off.

First Blood Test to Help Diagnose Brain Injuries Gets US OK

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:27

(ABC News) – The first blood test to help doctors diagnose traumatic brain injuries has won U.S. government approval. The move means Banyan Biomarkers can commercialize its test, giving the company an early lead in the biotech industry’s race to find a way to diagnose concussions. The test doesn’t detect concussions and the approval won’t immediately change how patients with suspected concussions or other brain trauma are treated.

In Search of Surrogates, Foreign Couples Descend on Ukraine

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:24

(BBC) – Ukraine, one of Europe’s poorest nations, is fast becoming the place to go for people desperate to find a surrogate to have their baby. The money on offer is drawing in many young women, but there are fears they could be exploited.  Ana* was 18 years old when she found out about surrogacy from a television news report. She had just finished secondary school and had plans to work in a hotel in her small western Ukrainian town, where tourists come to see a medieval castle.  That job pays $200 a month, but for carrying someone else’s baby, she learned, she could earn up to $20,000 (£14,000).

Can Gene Therapy Be Harnessed to Fight AIDS?

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:18

(STAT News) – For more than a decade, the strongest AIDS drugs could not fully control Matt Chappell’s HIV infection. Now his body controls it by itself, and researchers are trying to perfect the gene editing that made this possible. Scientists removed some of his blood cells, disabled a gene to help them resist HIV, and returned these “edited” cells to him in 2014. So far, it has given the San Francisco man the next best thing to a cure.

Assisted Suicide Group Exit Registered 10,000 New Members in 2017

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:15

(Swiss Info) – Last year, some 10,078 new members joined the euthanasia organisation Exit, the group announced on Tuesday. The number of actual assisted suicides went down slightly, whilst the average age of Exit members rose. At the end of December 2017, the organisation had 110,391 members in German-speaking Switzerland and in Ticino, according to the figures in the press release. Last year, 734 people ended their lives using Exit’s services, compared with 723 the previous year.

Former Dallas Cowboys Turning to Stem Cell Treatments

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 15:05

(Fox News) – Some former Dallas Cowboy greats say they’re dealing with pain and injuries from the brutality of pro-football careers with stem cell treatment. The treatment they receive is not fully approved by the Food and Drug Administration so part of it is done in Mexico, where medical regulations are not as strict. Stem cells have been called “cure-alls” and “miracle treatments.” Some celebrity athletes have bought into it, getting treatment they say is life changing. Among those athletes are big-time former Dallas Cowboys players, lending their names to the treatment.

Japanese Lawmakers Push for Legislation to Ban Medical Tourism to China for Organ Transplants

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 14:59

(The Epoch Times) – Japanese lawmakers expressed their commitment to passing comprehensive legislation prohibiting organ transplant tourism during a recent meeting at the National Diet. On Jan. 23, a panel on “medical genocide” was held at the National Diet building with Canadian lawyer David Matas; former Canadian secretary of state for Asia-Pacific, David Kilgour; and president of the Israel Society of Transplantation, Dr. Jacob Lavee.

NIH Funding Contributed to 210 Approved Drugs in Recent Years, Study Says

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 14:29

(STAT News) – A new study makes a strong case for the importance of government support for basic research: Federally funded studies contributed to the science that underlies every one of the 210 new drugs approved between 2010 and 2016. Researchers at Bentley University scoured millions of research papers for mentions of those 210 new molecular entities, or NMEs, as well as studies on their molecular targets. Then, they looked to see which of those studies had received any funding from the National Institutes of Health.

A New Edition of Science and Engineering Ethics Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 09:00

Science and Engineering Ethics (vol. 23, no. 6, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Promoting Virtue or Punishing Fraud: Mapping Contrasts in the Language of ‘Scientific Integrity’” by S. P. J. M. Horbach and W. Halffman
  • “Ethics, Nanobiosensors and Elite Sport: The Need for a New Governance Framework” by Robert Evans, Michael McNamee, and Owen Guy
  • “The Slippery Slope Argument in the Ethical Debate on Genetic Engineering of Humans” by Douglas Walton
  • “Experience and Attitudes Toward Informed Consent in Pharmacy Practice Research: Do Pharmacists Care?” by Dušanka M. Krajnovi? and Dragana D. Joci?
  • “Synthetic Biology, Genome Editing, and the Risk of Bioterrorism” by Marko Ahteensuu
  • “Public Perceptions of Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) in Malaysia” by Angelina P. Olesen, Siti Nurani Mohd Nor, Latifah Amin, and Anisah Che Ngah


A New Edition of Journal of Medical Ethics Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 09:00

Journal of Medical Ethics (vol. 43, no. 12, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Everything in Moderation, Even Hype: Learning from Vaccine Controversies to Strike a Balance with CRISPR” by Shawna Benston
  • “Undue Inducement: A Case Study in CAPRISA 008” by Kathryn T Mngadi, Jerome A Singh, Leila E Mansoor, and Douglas R Wassenaar
  • “Settling for Second Best: When Should Doctors Agree to Parental Demands for Suboptimal Medical Treatment?” by Tara Nair
  • “Professional and Conscience-Based Refusals: The Case of the Psychiatrist’s Harmful Prescription” by Morten Magelssen
  • “Allocation of Antiretroviral Drugs to HIV-Infected Patients in Togo: Perspectives of People Living with HIV and Healthcare Providers” by Lonzozou Kpanake, Paul Clay Sorum, and Etienne Mullet
  • “Ethical Issues in Alzheimer’s Disease Research Involving Human Subjects” by Dena S Davis
  • “Meeting the Goal of Concurrent Adolescent and Adult Licensure of HIV Prevention and Treatment Strategies” by Michelle Hume, Linda L Lewis, and Robert M Nelson
  • “Distributive Justice and the Harm to Medical Professionals Fighting Epidemics” by Andreas Albertsen, Jens Damgaard Thaysen, and Andreas Albertsen


A New Edition of Hastings Center Report Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 09:00

Hastings Center Report (vol. 47, Supplement S3, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “The Future of Reproductive Autonomy” by Josephine Johnston and Rachel L. Zacharias
  • “Reproductive Rights without Resources or Recourse” by Kimberly Mutcherson
  • “How the Criminalization of Pregnancy Robs Women of Reproductive Autonomy” by Michele Goodwin
  • “Parenting in the Age of Preimplantation Gene Editing” by Sigal Klipstein
  • “The Shifting Landscape of Prenatal Testing: Between Reproductive Autonomy and Public Health” by Vardit Ravitsky
  • “Freezing Eggs and Creating Patients: Moral Risks of Commercialized Fertility” by Elizabeth Reis and Samuel Reis-Dennis
  • “A Call for Empirical Research on Uterine Transplantation and Reproductive Autonomy” by Cristie Cole Horsburgh
  • “Should Clinicians Set Limits on Reproductive Autonomy?” by Louise P. King
  • “Reproductive Autonomy and Regulation—Coexistence in Action” by Ruth Deech


A New Edition of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 09:00

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics (vol. 38, no. 6, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “What Does the Character of Medicine as a Social Practice Imply for Professional Conscientious Objection?” by Thomas S. Huddle
  • “Gender by Dasein? A Heideggerian Critique of Suzanne Kessler and the Medical Management of Infants Born with Disorders of Sexual Development” by Lauren L. Baker
  • “Philosophy of Medicine 2017: Reviewing the Situation” by Patrick Daly


A New Issue of Ethics and Behavior Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Wed, 02/14/2018 - 09:00

Ethics and Behavior (vol. 21, no. 1, 2018) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Ethical and Legal Issues Addressing the Use of Mobile Health (mHealth) as an Adjunct to Psychotherapy” by Nicole R. Karcher and Nan R. Presser
  • “Teaching Bioethics to a Large Number of Biology and Pharma Students: Lessons Learned” by Sabrina Engel-Glatter, Laura Y. Cabrera, Yousri Marzouki, and Bernice S. Elger