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A Right to the Baby We Want

Bioethics News - Mon, 10/30/2017 - 14:29

(First Things) – When first invented, in vitro fertilization (IVF) was sold as a medical remedy to be limited to married couples who could not otherwise conceive. That moralistic restriction is long gone. Today, access to IVF has few limitations—and includes even women well beyond their natural childbearing years. Moreover, it is often combined with “preimplantation genetic diagnosis,” in which a cell is removed from IVF embryos and tested for medical or eugenic failings—as well as for the sex—so that only embryos with desired attributes will be implanted.

A New Edition of Metaphilosophy Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Mon, 10/30/2017 - 09:00

Metaphilosophy (vol. 48, no. 4, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Ethical Pragmatism” by Raff Donelson
  • “The Philosophical Use and Misuse of Science” by Justine Kingsbury and Tim Dare
  • “On the Structure of Bioethics as a Pragmatic Discipline” by David Alvargonzález
  • “Three Pervasive Presuppositions about Human Life and Ethics Strongly Warrant Analysis” by Lantz Fleming Miller

 

A New Edition of JAMA Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Mon, 10/30/2017 - 09:00

JAMA (vol. 318, no. 4, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Monitoring Medical Devices: Missed Warning Signs Within Existing Data” by Andrew M. Ibrahim and Justin B. Dimick

 

New Articles for Clinical Trials Are Now Available

Bioethics News - Mon, 10/30/2017 - 09:00

Clinical Trials has new articles available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Primary Care Physicians’ Attitudes and Beliefs about Cancer Clinical Trials” by Carma L Bylund

 

A New Edition of Journal of Medical Ethics Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Mon, 10/30/2017 - 09:00

Journal of Medical Ethics (vol. 43, no. 8, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “Euthanasia Embedded in Palliative Care. Responses to Essentialistic Criticisms of the Belgian Model of Integral End-of-Life Care” by Jan L Bernheim and Kasper Raus
  • “The Moral Agency of Institutions: Effectively Using Expert Nurses to Support Patient Autonomy” by Sonya Charles
  • “Income-Based Equity Weights in Healthcare Planning and Policy” by Anders Herlitz
  • “Breastfeeding and Defeasible Duties to Benefit” by Fiona Woollard and Lindsey Porter
  • “To Stop or Not to Stop: Dissent and Undue Burden as Reasons to Stop Participation in Paediatric Research” by Wendy Bos, Anna Westra, Inez de Beaufort, and Suzanne van de Vathorst
  • “Patients’ Views of Consent in Clinical Trials for Acute Myocardial Infarction: Impact of Trial Design” by Neal W Dickert, Kristopher A Hendershot, Candace D Speight, and Alexandra E Fehr
  • “Are Positive Experiences of Children in Non-Therapeutic Research Justifiable Research Benefits?” by Mira S Staphorst, Joke A M Hunfeld, and Suzanne van de Vathorst
  • “Parents Perspectives on Whole Genome Sequencing for Their Children: Qualified Enthusiasm?” by J A Anderson et al.
  • “Whole Genome Sequencing in Children: Ethics, Choice and Deliberation” by Ainsley J Newson
  • “Trajectories to Seeking Demedicalised Assistance in Suicide: A Qualitative In-Depth Interview Study” by Martijn Hagens, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen, and H Roeline W Pasman
  • “Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare Encounters: Evidence from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome” by Charlotte Blease, Havi Carel, and Keith Geraghty

 

A New Edition of JAMA Is Now Available

Bioethics News - Mon, 10/30/2017 - 09:00

JAMA (vol. 318, no. 5, 2017) is available online by subscription only.

Articles include:

  • “The Paradox of Mindfulness: Seamus Heaney’s “St Kevin and the Blackbird”  by Kimberly R. Myers

 

Vic euthanasia bill hangs in balance as World Medical Association intervenes

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 10/28/2017 - 06:50
The international medical community is closely watching the debate in Victoria. Read more...

Ectogenesis: the end of the abortion debate?

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 10/28/2017 - 06:45
Will ectogenesis allow us to overcome pro-choice/pro-life divisions? Read more...

ShanidarCare

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 10/28/2017 - 06:20

Groundbreaking surgery may prevent worst effects of spina bifida

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 10/28/2017 - 06:02
Researchers may have found a way to effectively treat spina bifida during pregnancy. Read more...

Belgium: euthanasia doctors split over psychiatric illness

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 10/28/2017 - 05:59
One psychiatrist is doing far more cases than her colleagues Read more...

ShanidarCare: Neanderthals cared for their own

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 10/28/2017 - 05:44
50,000 years ago, hunter-gatherers cared lovingly for their disabled Read more...

If you want to be a surrogate, make sure you have a lawyer

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 10/28/2017 - 05:25
An American woman almost loses her own child Read more...

Pope Francis slams eugenic mentality behind down-syndrome abortions

Sanctity of Life News - Sat, 10/28/2017 - 05:13
The Pope says that people with disabilities face an “attitude of rejection”. Read more...

Nurses Returning from Puerto Rico Accuse the Federal Government of Leaving People to Die

Bioethics News - Fri, 10/27/2017 - 11:25

(Vox) – The nurses described doctors performing surgery in hospitals with light from their cellphones, children screaming from hunger, elderly residents suffering from severe dehydration, and black mold spreading throughout entire communities.  “We cannot be silent while millions of people continue to endure these conditions,” said Bonnie Castillo, associate executive director of National Nurses United. She said some nurses arrived in towns that never got food or water supplies, or any other help from the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Some communities the nurses visited that did get supplies were not getting enough.

Woman with Severe Learning Disability to Get Contraceptive Patch against Mother’s Wishes

Bioethics News - Fri, 10/27/2017 - 11:21

(The Guardian) – A woman with a severe learning disability who gave birth after a suspected rape should be fitted with a contraceptive patch against the wishes of her mother, the high court has ruled. The 21-year-old woman, known in court as V, has an unspecified but severe learning disability. Her mother, referred to in court as W, argued against contraception, saying increased protective measures would be enough.  But a senior judge has ruled that the mother’s own health issues meant she was unable to give her daughter the necessary protection to prevent another assault.

In the Intersex Community, We’re Desperate for Quality Care. Doctors Aren’t Listening.

Bioethics News - Fri, 10/27/2017 - 11:01

(STAT News) – I was a perfectly healthy teen, and that unnecessary surgery actually removed my hormone-producing testes. As a result, I’ve needed hormone replacement therapy ever since. But even though I live in a major city renowned for its hospitals, I still haven’t been able to find a qualified endocrinologist to manage my treatment — let alone a physician who understands what it means to be intersex. That’s because medical care for intersex people is overwhelmingly focused on surgical intervention when we’re children and too young to consent. The needs of intersex adults are an afterthought.

I Rented Out My Womb–And They Almost Took My Own Son

Bioethics News - Fri, 10/27/2017 - 10:52

(New York Post) – Not only were Mike and Max not identical — they had completely different DNA from one another. Mike appeared to be an Asian child, and was Liu and her husband’s biological baby. But Max, half-white and half African-American, belonged to me and my now-husband, Wardell Jasper, 34, who works for a cable company. It turned out that, in an extremely rare medical incident called superfetation, we had gotten pregnant naturally, despite using condoms, after the in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle during which Mr. and Mrs. Liu’s embryo was transferred into my uterus.

Conjoined Twins Ethical Dilemma: When Parents Need to Sacrifice One Life for the Other

Bioethics News - Fri, 10/27/2017 - 10:46

(Newsweek) – In these tales, modern medicine swoops in to correct things, sending both children off to lead happy, independent lives. But not every case has a completely positive prognosis. Sometimes parents and physicians must make heart-wrenching decisions, such as planning a surgery that will only save one of the lives. It’s a bioethical challenge a team of doctors at MassGeneral Hospital for Children faced when a family from East Africa arrived with their conjoined twin girls, who were just 22 months old.

‘Incredible’ Editing of Life’s Building Blocks

Bioethics News - Fri, 10/27/2017 - 10:34

(BBC) – Scientists have demonstrated an “incredibly powerful” ability to manipulate the building blocks of life in two separate studies. One altered the order of atoms in DNA to rewrite the human genetic code and the instructions for life. The other edited RNA, which is a chemical cousin of DNA and unlocks the information in the genetic code. The studies – which could eventually treat diseases – have been described as clever, important and exciting.

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